Acne occurs when pores become clogged with oils, dead skin cells, or bacteria. When pores get clogged, it becomes impossible for natural skin oils to drain to the surface and causes a bump. There are several different types of acne, and how a pimple is formed influences how it will look and essentially what type of acne it is.
A whitehead (seen in the photo to the left) is formed when pores becomes clogged, but the trapped oils and bacteria stay beneath the surface of the skin. This causes the skin over that pore to stretch, turning it white. Sometimes they are virtually invisible to the naked eye, and sometimes they are blatantly obvious. After a period of time, the whitehead may rupture, release its contents to the surface, and eventually heal. With the assistance of an acne medication, these whiteheads will disappear more quickly and be less likely to leave scars.
A blackhead is initially formed the same way as a whitehead, but the oils and bacteria spill onto the surface of the skin during its formation and oxidize. This gives you a blackish-brownish bump that will misleadingly look like dirt. A blackhead cannot simply be washed away though. It ruptures similarly to a whitehead and will eventually heal. As with whiteheads, scars can be prevented with the appropriate acne medication and the healing may move along more quickly.
When the follicle wall breaks, white blood cells rush to the site to repair it. This causes the pore to become inflamed and form a papule. If the follicle wall breaks, the white blood cells will clog the follicle and cause oils and bacteria to be stuck in the pore until the follicle wall is repaired. Papules are very small and usually go unnoticed. A few days after the follicle wall breaks, the white blood cells will make their way to the surface of the skin. This will cause the skin to become more raised and red, and is the cause of pustules. Pustules are what people typically refer as a ‘zit’ or a ‘pimple’.
When the follicle wall breaks at the bottom of the pore, this can sometimes cause a collapse of the pore itself. This will cause either a nodule or a cyst. A nodule is a large, inflamed bump that can be quite sore to the touch, while a cyst is a large pus filled lesion. Both are very annoying and can occur anywhere on the body.
Another type of acne is called milia. These are tiny white bumps caused when dead skin cells get stuck in small pockets on the surface on the skin. It commonly occurs across the nose and upper cheeks. As more skin cells die and flake away, milia typically resolves itself, but the proper acne medication can help to speed the healing process.
The last acne treatment you'll ever need! Posted by Elaine
My daughter, 16, has had acne for the past 5 years. She has tried several holistic approaches, however nothing worked. She started using naturasil a few months ago, experiencing immediate improvement. Now her skin is considerably clearer and has minimal acne. We're looking forward to the next few months to see it gone completely. I recommend this, as well as other naturasil products we've used, every chance I get! *
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